Planning a trip to the large continent of Africa is daunting. With over 50 countries on the massive continent, it can be difficult to know where to start. Whether you’re driving or taking public transportation, we recommend starting with Southern and Eastern Africa. Generally, these areas are simpler to navigate than other parts of Africa. Here we have planned the itinerary for Eastern and Southern Africa for you. Take it as it is or use it as a guide.
Have you dreamed of trekking gorillas in the mountains of Rwanda? Been glued to National Geographic as you watch the legendary wildebeest migration through the Serengeti? Travel through Africa is a constant adventure.
Southern and Eastern Africa are home to many spectacular destinations, like Zanzibar, an island off the cost of Tanzania, Victoria Falls, and the mysteries of the Namibian desert. A trip through over a dozen countries can easily be completed in 3 months in Africa. Here’s our recommended itinerary for an amazing trip.
Itinerary for Eastern and Southern Africa
Day 1-4: Arrive in Cape Town. Spend a few days sightseeing and picking up last-minute necessities.
Day 5-8: Depart Cape Town and travel via the Garden Route to Durban. The Garden Route is a beautiful way to travel the coast.
Day 9: Soak up some sun on the Durban beaches.
Day 10: Depart Durban and travel to Swaziland.
Day 11-12: Spend time exploring Swaziland National Parks and learning about community projects.
Day 13: Depart Swaziland and head to the Kruger National Park (via Nelspruit).
Day 14-17: Get out those binoculars! You can self-drive through the Kruger (the majority of the roads are paved) or sign up for organized game drives.
Day 18: Leave South Africa and arrive in Maputo, Mozambique.
Day 19-24: Travel up the coast, stop in seaside towns like Inhabane, and don’t miss the Bazaruto Archipelago. Most towns have spectacular scuba diving (and offer certification).
Day 24-25: Travel into Malawi and arrive in Blantyre.
Day 26: Spend the day in Blantyre.
Day 27-32: Travel along the coast of Malawi, stay in coastal towns like Monkey Bay and Nkhata Bay.
Day 33: Head into Tanzania. The further north you go, the borders will get more hectic. Be sure to allow plenty of time.
Day 34-36: Take a couple of days to travel through Tanzania to Dar es Salaam.
Are you still with us? Aren’t you glad we have already prepared your itinerary for Eastern and Southern Africa? There sure is a lot to do in this amazing country. Think of planning on spending some time to volunteer in Africa as well. Be sure to check out Animal Husbandry at South Africa’s Predator Sanctuary Project.
Day 37: Enjoy Dar es Salaam. While there isn’t a lot to do in the city, it’s a good place to stock up on supplies and dig into a good meal.
Day 38-44: Take the ferry or fly to Zanzibar. Spend a couple of days wandering through the winding streets of Stone Town before relaxing on one of the northern beaches.
Day 45: Arrive back in Dar es Salaam.
Day 46: Drive to Moshi and, if you’re lucky, you’ll start to see Mount Kilimanjaro through the clouds. Continue on to Arusha.
Day 47-53: Spend a few days exploring the Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Crater. Tours leave from Arusha.
Day 54: Back in Arusha you can buy supplies and get some rest before traveling north to Kenya in the morning.
Plan a trip to the mall if you need clothes or supplies — which you might after nearly 2 months of travel. Be sure to stop at a local coffee shop to have some true Kenyan coffee before making your way to the Masai Mara.
Day 58-60: Spend a few days seeing wildlife in the Masai Mara.
Day 61-63: Enjoy a couple of days on the banks of the Nile. There are a variety of adventure activities, like white water rafting, available.
Day 64-65: Kampala, the capital city of Uganda, is a great place to rest before continuing your journey to Rwanda in the morning.
Day 66-67: Drive to Rwanda, stay in Kigali and visit the Genocide Museum.
Day 68: Head to Volcanoes National Park to get ready for your gorilla trekking adventure.
Day 69: You’ll awake bright and early to spend the day in Volcanoes National Park trekking gorillas, afterwards head back to Kigali.
Day 70: Spend the day in Kigali.
Day 71-74: Leave Rwanda and head back into Tanzania. Spend a few days traveling to Zambia via Mbeya, Tanzania.
Day 75-76: As you exit Tanzania, you’ll drive into Zambia. You’ve officially left East Africa! Travel through Zambia and head to Lusaka, Zambia’s capital.
Day 77: In the morning, you’ll drive from Lusaka to Victoria Falls, one of the world’s most amazing waterfalls!
Day 78: Spend the day at Victoria Falls. Zambia holds 1/3 of the magnificent falls and there are hiking trails so bring plenty of water and snacks.
Day 79-80: Head to the Zimbabwe side of the Falls. Take part in adventure activities like white water rafting and bungie jumping.
Day 81-82: Drive from Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, to Maun, Botswana. In Maun you can organize tours into the Okavango Delta.
Day 83-85: Head into Namibia and drive to Swakopmund via Windhoek. In Swakopmund, be sure to take quad bikes out on the sand dunes.
Day 86: From Swakopmund, go south to Sossusvlei to see Dune 45 at sunrise and hike to Dead Vlei.
Day 87-90: Travel south to Cape Town, be sure to stop at Fish River Canyon on your way out of Namibia.
If you are looking to spend 3 months in Africa, this itinerary for Eastern and Southern Africa is a great place to start. From strolling the narrow, winding, streets of Zanzibar to white-water rafting down the Zambezi, traveling through Eastern and Southern Africa is an adventure of a lifetime!
Animal husbandry means providing care for any animal in a captive environment, meaning anywhere but their natural habitat, such as zoos, labs, sanctuaries etc.
This means providing adequate diet, habitat, providing shelter, stimulation and enrichment.
The care of captive animals is a huge issue in today’s society all over the world and all countries now have laws in place protect animals in captivity.
What is Animal Husbandry?
A Day in the Life at South Africa’s Predator Sanctuary Project
6:00am: Keepers awaken.
6:15am: We gather in the kitchen and prepare 700ml of milk, warming for 1 minute 40 seconds.
We divide this into two bottles with teats and into two bowls.
6:30am: The two white Bengal are walked from their indoor enclosure to their larger outdoor enclosure for the day, where they are given their bowls of milk each.
6:40am: The two Siberian tigers are also walked from their overnight enclosures to their outdoor enclosures and each given their bottle of milk.
If the cheetahs have been brought in they are also walked to their outdoor enclosures.
6:50am: The large number of cats are fed and given water each morning.
The honey badger enclosure is cleaned and if necessary the water damn is cleaned and refilled.
The honey badger is then walked from his night enclosure to his outdoor enclosure.
7:00am: The cercal, the owls and the skunk’s enclosures next are cleaned.
7:15am: All keepers gather and follow the green path shown on the map around the predator park checking each enclosure has clean water.
Removing bones from the previous evenings feed and removing any feces.
The electricity of each enclosure is also checked and recorded on a check list.
The electricity should range from 7000v and 8000v.
8.30am: Keepers eat.
8:45: Karen and Jurg the two owners of The Predator Sanctuary Project clean the more dangerous enclosures such as the lions and the Bengal tigers.
They also interact with the animals, often playing with the lion’s ball and any one on one interaction, as seen below, is used to check for ticks as well as interaction.
Jukka, the male Bengal tiger, is also given his bottle of milk while Karen cleans the enclosure.
9:30am: If needed in the larger enclosures with the large water damns will be drained and cleaned with chlorine before being refilled.
This is always done early time so the park isn’t too busy with visitors when the tigers are moved.
12pm: There are four tours throughout the day at 10pm, 12pm, 2pm and the feeding tour at 4pm.
Visitors are taken around the predator park while the keepers give short talks on each animal.
Animals at the front of enclosures also are given a treat through as part of their daily interaction.
2. 30pm: The food preparation begins, with each animal being catered for individually.
Each piece of meat is cut to the right size and everything is recorded so the food amount can be monitored.
4pm: This is the most popular tour and is when all the animals are fed, entering at the lions enclosure and following the route through to the Bengals, the white lions and cheetahs, feeding the Siberian and white Bengal cubs last.
It also the tour Jurg and Karen give talks on the animals.
The food is thrown over the fence to most of the animals.
The food for the Several is placed on a large rock, to encourage him to come closer to the front of the enclosure as he is very shy.
The cheetahs are fed from plates because they are very hygienic animals in the wild (highly unusual among big cats).
They don’t eat the skin of their prey using it as a protection from dirt and bacteria.
They don’t return to kills and will also leave the bones or entrails of prey. (Eaton, 1974)
5.30pm: The milk is prepared for the Bengal and Siberian tigers.
5.45pm: The Siberians are walked to their night enclosure.
6:00pm: The white Bengal tigers are walked to night enclosure.
6.15pm: If the weather is very cold or very wet the two cheetahs are also walked to their indoor enclosure.
6.30pm: If the tigers den needs cleaning it is drained and scrubbed with chlorine and refilled.
The Siberians and white Bengal enclosures are also cleaned each night.
7:00pm: End of the day for keepers.
During the day also extra jobs that vary such as taking the honey badger or the skunk out for a walk for some interaction and a chance to explore.
We also build anything needed for old or new enclosures. Including fencing, enrichment, shelters, signs etc
Case study: Angelo and Mish, the two white Bengal tigers at South Africa’s Predator Sanctuary Project
Angelo and Mish are not fully grown and were due to be moved into larger enclosures once they had outgrown their cubbie camps.
However due Angelo’s condition it now means they will remain in the cubbie camp as it somewhere Angelo knows and is comfortable in despite his condition worsening.
He has Progressive Retinal Degeneration which means he will eventually become blind.
Unfortunately there is no cure for this but to try and slow the progression of the degeneration Angelo gets the eye tablets “Eyes RX” (McCalla, 2010).
He gets two tablets daily, wrapped up in a cut of meat.
They are brought in at night because since they were very young they brought in because the enclosures were so far away from the main house and now they have outgrown the camps there is an added danger they could escape and would be unheard from the house.
Conclusion Animal Husbandry
The health and happiness of the animals at The Predator Sanctuary Project is at the top of everybody’s concern that works here, especially the owners who work daily with the animals, interacting with them and overseeing their daily husbandry and routine.
Every aspect of the animal’s life is looked at to ensure they are as happy as possible from the hygiene of their enclosures, to their diet, to their enrichment, mentally and psychically. project Eco-Friendly
Adventuring in Southern Africa: The Great Safaris and Wildlife Parks of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, South Africa, Malawi, Lesotho, and Swaziland.
Editors Note: I love reading “Day in the Life of” Posts; it’s fascinating to learn what exactly people do day-to-day with their volunteer projects.
Samantha Hollick from Chester University, England.
She volunteers with the EDGE of AFRICA Predator Sanctuary Project.
For details on working with Predators in South Africa visit http://www.EDGEofAFRICA.com/